New laws often being when a department develops policy. This is in the form of a Green Paper or White Paper, which refers to draft policy set out for public comment.
If the policy suggests new legislation is needed, a law is drafted and approved by Cabinet and State Law Advisors. The draft legislation is known as a Bill. If the Cabinet does not approve of the Bill, it is sent back to the Department.
Once approved by Cabinet, the Bill is then referred to the Speaker of the Legislature, together with all the supporting documents, who publishes it in the Provincial Gazette. It is accompanied by a memorandum setting out the objectives of the Bill, and the institutions consulted. It includes a notice calling on interested people and organisations to make submissions on the Bill. The public has twenty-one (21) days to make their inputs.
The Bill is then tabled by the Speaker in a sitting of the Legislature. The Bill is then regarded as having been introduced in the House.
The Bill is referred to the relevant Portofolio/Standing Committee to be debated. The Committee has 14 days to scrutinise the Bill before meeting to discuss amendments. The Committee may call for public hearings to obtain written and verbal input on the Bill from members of the public/interest groups.
The Bill is then referred back to the House for debate on the objects and principles of the Bill, and any amendments recommended by the Standing/Portfolio Committee. The Bill may be referred back to the Committee if further amendments are needed.
Finally the House votes on the Bill.
Once adopted by the House, the Bill is sent to the Premier for assent. Without the Premier’s signature, it cannot be processed further. From this stage onwards, the Bill becomes an Act of Parliament and is enforceable.
The Act is then published in the Provincial Gazette and from thereon, it will be referred to as "Act No. … of …… ."
The original copy is sent to the Constitutional Court for safekeeping.